The Paris Agreement When: Understanding the History and Importance of the Climate Accord
The Paris Agreement is a landmark climate accord created by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in December 2015. The accord aims to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius. The Paris Agreement is considered a critical global effort to address the devastating consequences of climate change, including rising sea levels, extreme weather events, and loss of biodiversity.
History of the Paris Agreement
The Paris Agreement is the result of years of international climate negotiations. The UNFCCC, established in 1992, has held annual conferences known as Conference of Parties (COPs) to discuss and negotiate global efforts to address climate change. The Paris Agreement resulted from the 21st COP held in Paris in 2015.
The agreement was adopted on December 12, 2015, by 196 parties (195 countries and the European Union). The agreement entered into force on November 4, 2016, after it was ratified by at least 55 countries, representing at least 55% of global greenhouse gas emissions.
Key provisions of the Paris Agreement
The Paris Agreement includes several key provisions to achieve its climate goals. One of the significant provisions is the requirement that all parties submit nationally determined contributions (NDCs) outlining their efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. NDCs are updated every five years, and countries are expected to increase their efforts over time.
The agreement also includes provisions for financing and technology transfer from developed countries to developing countries to help them transition to low-carbon economies and adapt to the impacts of climate change. Additionally, the agreement recognizes the importance of protecting and promoting human rights, including the rights of indigenous peoples, in the context of climate action.
Why the Paris Agreement is important
The Paris Agreement is critical to addressing the severity of climate change. It represents a global effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and limit global warming. The agreement provides a framework for all parties to take climate action and work together to achieve the climate goals.
The Paris Agreement also provides a clear signal to businesses, investors, and other stakeholders that the world is committed to a low-carbon future. This commitment is essential to drive investment in clean technologies and help accelerate the transition to a sustainable, low-carbon global economy.
The Paris Agreement represents a historic effort to address one of the most significant challenges facing our planet – climate change. The agreement provides a framework for global climate action and a clear signal to all stakeholders that the world is committed to a low-carbon future. As nations continue to update their NDCs and increase their efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the Paris Agreement will remain a crucial tool to limit global warming and preserve the planet`s future.